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题目: 德文:《有关中国的5个迷思》

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宣布于 2018-8-30 10:09         
德文:《有关中国的5个迷思》

德国《资源》月刊网站8月28日登载题为《有关中国的5个迷思》一文。作者为德国梅迪亚特集团创始人兼实行总经理卡特娅·内特斯海姆。现将文章摘编以下:

1、中国人只会模拟?

文章称,中国公司长期以来荣誉欠好:模拟西方的胜利产物、品牌和商业模式,略加修正后正在本国市场贩卖。这类征象以“盗窟”那一中文观点而着名。但中国企业不单单接管功用形式,它们每每借对其晋级革新。对本产物的这类解构和革新深深植根于中国的传统,那正在现代佳构中曾经可以或许找到。那是他们的立异体式格局。

模拟、革新或组合带来了一些新的和独占的器械,而不是简朴的拷贝。事实上,中国正在自力的国际专利申请数目方面正追逐上来。比方,2017年中国背天下知识产权构造提交的国际专利申请量排名第二,只小幅落伍于美国。它正在这个创纪录之年凌驾了日本,把日本挤到了第三位。正在排名前15位的国度中,中国事独一实现两位数年增长率(13.4%)的国度——并且自2003年以来从未中断天都是两位数增进。

2、中国借远远没有到达我们的生长程度?

文章示意,触及中国正在临时内是不是会成为值得正视的竞争对手这个问题时,有关中国的另一个迷思表达了西方国家的某种狂妄。比方,中国仍旧常常被视为一个为了到达西方经济大国程度而必需补许多课的发展中国家。但如今的实际看起来完整是另一个模样。特别是北京、上海、深圳和广州等城市正在推出愈来愈多的立异,并具有让一个德国人只能倾慕的基础设施。“效力飞地”这个概念和“试点城市”这个务实观点也供应了就算不优于但也不强于西方国家的立异潜力。“效力飞地”是指集合了某些特长的城市,“试点城市”则实验政策和轨制立异。

3、“中国制造”不如“德国制造”?

文章写道,“德国制造”和“中国制造”那两个标签乍一看好像构成明显对照。能够您也以为前者质量下、偏差容忍度低且极为准确,后者则“急急、便宜、量大”。以至正在中国,“德国制造”品牌也分外受喜爱。但中国如今不只可以或许做到“更便宜”、并且每每也能做到“更好”。那正在智能手机市场特别显着。因而,“中国制造”不再是一个正告标识,而是正在酿成愈来愈值得正视且会危及“德国制造”的立异标签。

4、中国人黑白常有效力的工蜂?

这里必需停止辨别:他们是工蜂,但不一定有效率。特别正在深圳如许的新兴城市许多人告诉我,中国野生作到危及康健的水平。局部缘由在于那座城市的供给行业事情节拍异常快。这类工作狂的显着显示是,正在天天很早和很晚的时刻泛起上下班顶峰——和正在公开场合随处皆有人打瞌睡。偶然我会以为他们先事情再思索。

5、中国经济增进不会再恒久好下去?

作者示意,一提到中国的城市,许多人就会想到摩天大楼、拥堵的街道和雾霾。我正在去中国之前也有相似的预期。但实际情况令我感应惊奇。我觉得不到空气污染——天空阴沉,氛围清爽。若是细致相识一下,便会发明缘由和转变水平皆很明显:自2007年以来,中国便把建立“生态文化”作为国度计谋。中国国家领导人道,决不以捐躯情况为价值去调换一时的经济增进。中国的状况是,说到做到。上面是几个例子:

·中国事电动汽车贩卖环球市场发头羊——包孕公共交通。

·凭据彭博新闻社供应的数据,环球安装的太阳能电池板有远三分之一是正在中国。

·2018年,中国植树造林面积取爱尔兰国土面积相称。

·如今环保正在官员绩效考核尺度中排名第二,仅次于中央的GDP增长率。

环保政策的结果正在展现:据彭博新闻社报导,2017年北京均匀逐日空气污染水平比2015年下降远三分之一,而其他一些大城市的空气污染水平则下落了约莫十分之一。

迄今没有迹象注解环保会让国度经济脱轨。2017年,中国GDP增进到达6.9%,是7年来初次提速。另外,中国把电动汽车和太阳能电池等高科技产业视为正在环保方面饰演环球指导脚色并制订尺度的契机,特别由于美国现在正在这个范畴撤离后留下真空。

以是,我只能援用一句陈腐的格言:百闻不如一见。我推荐人人到中国看看,并且不但是去看具有长城和兵马俑的历史悠久的中国,特别还要去看上海、深圳和广州等天的现代化中国。您会大开眼界!(编译/聂立涛/参考消息)

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宣布于 2018-8-30 10:15         
5 Myths about China
With an EU delegation, Katja Nettesheim visited five Chinese cities in early summer. The journey has fundamentally changed her image of China. Here she clears up frequently heard myths about the People's Republic

by Katja Nettesheim
August 28, 2018

# 1 "Chinese can only copy"
Chinese companies have long had the dubious reputation of copying successful products, brands and business models from the West and selling them on their own market with only minor modifications. Such a phenomenon is known as "shanzhai," a Chinese term originally used to describe bandit-besieged villages outside government control. Since the opening up of China to the international markets, the name has become the epitome of counterfeit goods and IP theft in the wake of rising product piracy. And it is indeed striking how strongly Chinese companies seem to orientate themselves to western ones - so there were early exact replicas of "Nokir" or "Samsing" phones. But Chinese companies are doing more, as just functioning models - they often make them better. So I saw with my own eyes in the electronics markets iPhones, which run with the Chinese operating system superior Android. This deconstruction and improvement of the originals is deeply rooted in Chinese tradition and can already be found in ancient masterpieces. It is their kind of innovation, which explains the often lacking sense of wrongdoing from the Western point of view.

By copying and improving or combining, something new and independent arises instead of a simple copy. And in fact, China is catching up on the number of independent international patent applications. In 2017, the People's Republic of China was second in international patent applications to WIPO (behind the United States, but by a small margin), pushing Japan out of that position in yet another record year. Among the 15 countries of origin, China is the only country to report double-digit annual growth (+ 13.4%) - double-digit, uninterrupted since 2003.

# 2 "China is not at our development level yet"
Another myth about China is expressed in a certain arrogance of Western countries when it comes to whether China is a serious competitor in the long term. China, for example, is still often regarded as a developing country which, in order to reach the level of Western economic powers, still has much to catch up with. The reality looks quite different now. Especially cities like Beijing, Shanghai and especially Shenzhen and Guangzhou are bringing forth more and more innovations and have an infrastructure that one can only envy as a German. The concept of efficiency enclaves, ie cities that provide a reservoir for specific specializations, as well as the pragmatic concept of pilot cities, in which political and institutional innovations are tried out, offer an innovation potential,

# 3 "Made in China can not do the trick" made in Germany
At first glance, the quality seals "Made in Germany" and "Made in China" supposedly represent a strong contrast. You probably also think on the one hand of high quality, low fault tolerance and extreme accuracy, on the other hand, "fast, cheap, a lot ". Even in China itself, the brand "made in Germany" works exceptionally well. Because China can now not only "cheaper", but often "better". This is especially noticeable on the smartphone market. Here, Huawei has taken up the fight with companies like Apple or Samsung - and is doing well. CEO Richard Yu said recently that they wanted to not only overtake Apple with uncompromisingly good quality, but also replace the Korean Samsung as the largest smartphone manufacturer. And indeed: According to preliminary IDC data, Huawei delivered 54.2 million handsets in the second quarter of 2018, up 40.9 percent from a year earlier. In the meantime, Apple has delivered "only" about 41.3 million units, which represents growth of 0.7 percent over the same period last year. "Made in China" is therefore no longer necessarily a warning, but under the strategy "Made in China 2025" is becoming more and more a serious seal of innovation - which can also make "made in Germany" dangerous. 7 percent compared to the same period last year. "Made in China" is therefore no longer necessarily a warning, but under the strategy "Made in China 2025" is becoming more and more a serious seal of innovation - which can also make "made in Germany" dangerous. 7 percent compared to the same period last year. "Made in China" is therefore no longer necessarily a warning, but under the strategy "Made in China 2025" is becoming more and more a serious seal of innovation - which can also make "made in Germany" dangerous.

# 4 "The Chinese are incredibly efficient worker bees"
Here you have to differentiate: working bees yes, but not necessarily efficient. So many, especially in emerging cities like Shenzhen, have told me that people are working to health risk. Partly because the supply industry around this city is so fast that you never have to wait long for prototypes and reworked versions. The obvious manifestation of this labor addiction are the pendulum currents that take place at very early and very late times - and the naps in public everywhere. But efficient? I do not know ... Sometimes you get the impression that you first work, then you think. And often enough to fulfill any governmental goals - the flip side of the strict central control of the economy. So business parks are being built everywhere and often which are then empty, because the market is not there for it. Meanwhile, there are already companies that specialize in cheap take on these ghost towns and convert them for new purposes. Or, after a 20-minute conversation with a foreign company, a "Memorandum of Understanding" will be signed in a major ceremony. It seems that there is also a target that needs to be reported to the party.

# 5 "China's economic growth will not be good for long"
When thinking of Chinese cities, many think of skyscrapers, crowded streets - and smog. People with breathing masks, sick by the polluted breathing air, have to answer for the companies, which subordinate the economic success everything, also the health. Also, I had similar expectations before my stay in China - and was surprised. There was not much air pollution - the sky was clear, the air was pleasant. If you look at it, the reason and extent of the change becomes clear: China has been committed to building an "ecological civilization" as a national strategy since the 17th Party Congress in 2007. And to the leadership of the Communist Party, President Xi Jinping said in 2013, "We will never again seek economic growth at the expense of the environment. "And in China, yes: said, done. Some examples:

China is the world market leader in the sale of electric vehicles - and in public transport as well: All 16,000 buses in Shenzhen are electrically powered. There are supposed to be around 400,000 electric buses in China, and another 19,000 are added every ten weeks (twice as much as London's bus fleet).
Almost one third of the solar panels installed worldwide are located in China (according to Bloomberg).
In 2018, China is reforesting an area the size of Ireland, employing 60,000 troops.
Environmental protection is now in second place in the performance criteria for mayors - just behind the commune's GDP growth.
The implications are as follows: According to Bloomberg, average daily air pollution in Beijing was almost a third lower than in 2015, and in some other major cities there was a decline of about one-tenth.

Best of all, while smog has long been excused as an inevitable byproduct of rising affluence, there are no signs that environmental protection is derailing the country's economy: last year's growth accelerated to 6.9 percent - the first uptrend since seven years. In addition, China sees high-tech industries such as electric cars and solar modules as an opportunity to play a leading role in environmental protection and set standards, not least because of the vacuum that the US is currently leaving behind. So again you can see how quickly China, thanks to its governmental form of a dirigiste capitalism, can kill the counter.

So I can only refer to the ancient wisdom that makes travel - and can only recommend to anyone a visit to China. And not only to the historical China of the Wall and the Terracotta Army, but especially to the modern China in Shanghai, Shenzhen, Guangzhou, etc. They will make eyes!


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宣布于 2018-8-30 11:02         
传说中的中国。

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宣布于 2018-8-30 13:17         
从代工到品牌,如今许多企业曾经意识到这个问题了。

有了品牌,才有企业本身的庄严,而其实不是一味的低价低价低价。

有个品牌,才能够从品牌溢价内里去寻觅品牌研发的空间。

究竟结果没有相对对照下的利润,很难有企业情愿正在那一块多花心思。

能够看到,感受到,有一部分企业家曾经意识到而且逐步实验这类可持续的生长战略,从申请品牌,研发产物最先。

然则离日本对产物,德国对产物的那种对峙,另有很少的路要走。

我们一向正在行进,耳濡目染的转变。

当局的一些政策确切有时候有点一刀切,然则正在中国云云讲求“天真操纵”的文化底蕴,那何尝不是一个好办法吧。

不管他们怎样评价中国制造,我们的兴起是人人皆看到的。

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宣布于 2018-8-30 15:38         
从模拟到建造再到发明是需求手艺积聚跟沉淀的,那是一个必不可少的历程。日本昔时不也是如许生长起来的吗

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宣布于 2018-8-30 16:27         
我只看看不语言

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宣布于 2018-8-30 17:15         
本人一向支撑国货,也信赖国货!做我们货运的皆清晰,许多货色都是从中国收回去世界各地,特别是美国,西欧,不要认为他们是发达国家,啥都能消费,日用品和电子产品许多都是国货,已往揭个LOGO就加个洋字而已!!

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宣布于 2018-8-31 08:08         
正在中国,生于忧患,细分到每个小个别的经济构造,正在大浪淘沙中,只能被迫络续立异、络续前进,才气正在非常猛烈的合作中求得生计并强大,反应到宏观看,整体各个方面的气力加强了,并且会愈来愈壮大。

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宣布于 2018-8-31 10:23         
作为检测认证行业从业人员,我说几句

国产大部分产物的测试效果照样有待进步的,特别小品牌大概无品牌的产物,质量需求进步

别的一点就是,海内产物的质量测试合格率,逐年进步(纵然是测试不合格的局部,大部分不会危及平安),尤其是大品牌,质量一点不比外洋差

我也支撑国货!

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宣布于 2018-8-31 11:28         
作为检测机构的我来讲两句

作为检测机构我们是最有威望来讲一说这一个题目的,人人看一下我们检测机构,正在2017年产品出口检测的数据,数据显现正在2017年中国产品出口高达100000种产物,出口总额更是高达5000亿美圆,何等重大的数据啊。今后类数据我们能够看出本国的产物有百分之二十都是由我们中国制造而且出口外洋的。以是,甚么德国制造基础不克不及比拟,中国的制造手艺曾经正在人民不知不觉中曾经逾越了德国了。本国的高铁还不是我们中国去制作的么,由此一项便可看出中国的产业制造程度已处于国际抢先的职位。

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宣布于 2018-8-31 11:30         
为何看外洋的学者讲点器械都是这么客观公平呢。

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宣布于 2018-8-31 12:01         
且不说中国产品和速度,国人本质借有待增强,,便看看满地的渣滓便知道了。

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宣布于 2018-8-31 13:43         


QUOTE:
原帖由 货运保险陈翠翠 于 2018-8-31 12:01 宣布
且不说中国产品和速度,国人本质借有待增强,,便看看满地的渣滓便知道了。

这些器械跟教诲系统有关。

看看日本关于渣滓的处置惩罚收受接管。

再看看中国的垃圾箱上面的标识:仅仅就是简朴的“可回收“弗成收受接管””

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宣布于 2018-8-31 16:50         
确切是短少立异

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宣布于 2018-9-1 10:26         
如今中国借缺品牌的生长 任然照样加工带加工 过分工夫和品牌意识,不外落伍强国照样客观究竟 不外现在的房地产曾经障碍的中国的生长

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